The policy of the British Company to cripple the Indian trade and commerce by imposing heavy duties and import of the machine-made goods at a nominal duty was much against the wishes of the people. Here, we briefly outline the Military factors which helped cause the revolt. Major Causes of Revolt of 1857 Economic Causes. A powerful and popular revolt broke out in Northern and Central India in 1857. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. British Government had imposed ‘pocket area transformation’, that means, introduction of Permanent Settlement in Bengal, Mahalwari settlement in Central India, … This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 . Page-58-The Causes of the Indian Revolt-Syed Ahmad Khan Bahadur-First Published-1873-Reprinted by The Book House-8,Trust Building-Urdu Bazar-P.O Box No-734-Lahore-1950. The increasing activities of the Christian missionaries and the actual conversions made by them were taken as a proof of this fear. What was the political cause of the revolt of 1857 Get the answers you need, now! The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. • The Company had faced rebellions in the past too, but not of this magnitude and extent. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The causes behind the revolt of 1857 were many, religion being one of them. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. • The socio-religious causes responsible for the revolt were many and different. Published: October 17, 2011 The successive Governor generals appointed by the crown and based at Calcutta expanded the domains of British India over the period of time up the time of Lord Dalhousie, whose conquests against Punjab and Burma pushed the frontiers of the British India against Afghanistan and Burma. The policy of annexation reached its climax when he implemented the policy of Doctrine […] Their Crime -These troopers had refused to load their rifles with the new cartridges. British rule had adversely affected the interest of almost all sections of society and severely affected the way of life in India. The following were the causes of revolt of 1857. • Dr S.N. Money-lenders and traders emerged as the new landlords. A) Heavy taxation B) But down on major patronage for artisans and handicrafts C) increasing availability of market for Indian cotton. The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection policy. Under him the British followed an expansionist policy in India. A major cause of the outbreak of the revolt was the fear among the people that the British government was determined to destroy their religion and convert Indians to Christianity. Title: THE REVOLT OF 1857 1 THE REVOLT OF 1857 2 THE GREAT REVOLT THE FIRST WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 3 (No Transcript) 4 Mangal Pandey 5 THE OUT BURST. ADVERTISEMENTS: Causes of the Revolt: a. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. the revolt of 1857 was started by Indian soldiers at Meerut on 10 may,1857.the causes of the revolt were a) All sections of India were unhappy with the British rule. The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection policy. Ans: Following are the major reasons to explain why the rebellious soldiers turned […] Unpopular revenue settlement Ans: In 1857 a sepoy mutiny broke out in East India that became a mass uprising in many parts of the country. Causes of the Revolt: If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. There are many cause for this Politically but Economically we can point out some cause like Doctrine of Laps many lost their kingdom, High Tax on petty kings imposed by East India Company not by their Emperor, Then a great disappointment of Indian Sepoy on East India Company administration who are not properly rewarded in salary and promotions … The Revolt began with a mutiny of the sepoys, or the Indian soldiers of the Company’s army, but soon engulfed wide regions and people. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. What were the economic causes for the revolt of 1857? The Indian Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 is also known as the Great Revolt, Indian Rebellion, the Great Uprising and the Great Rebellion of 1857. Cloudflare Ray ID: 6066be249b3a300a But soon it became widespread and involved the masses. Thus the peasants were greatly encouraged to overthrow the British Government from India. The policy of annexation reached its climax when he implemented the policy of Doctrine […] Question 3: The Revolt of 1857 can be attributed to many causes. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. What were the main causes of Revolt of 1857? Treatment meted out to the Mughal Emperor by the British 3. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. The revolt of 1857 is an important event in the History of India. Causes of the Revolt of 1857: (a) Political Causes i. Doctrine of Lapse: Lord Dalhousie successfully annexed many Indian states to the English East India Company. After this revolt the rule of the East India Company ended in India. This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. Their Crime -These troopers had refused to load their rifles with the new cartridges. (i) Political cause (ii) Economic cause (iii) Socio-religious and (iv) The Military cause. It was far more than a mutiny…. Answer. Ever since the grant of Diwani was made to the British in 1765, land revenue became an issue of much burden. It is considered as the country’s First War of Independence which was against the rule of the British.. ADVERTISEMENTS: Causes of the Revolt: a. Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857. Political Causes of 1857 Revolt. The economic policies of the British were mainly exploitative and led to the severe destruction of the Indian economy. Its causes lay deeply embedded in the grievances that all sections of Indian society nurtured against the British rule. A lot of books written in this period revolt of 1857. Although some Historians claim 1857 revolt as just an Sepoy mutiny, V. D. Savarkar says it as First War of Independence. Political Causes: Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General of India till 1848-1856. Political Causes: Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General of India till 1848-1856. 3. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. The peasants were pushed to penury and they borrowed at heavy rates of interest from the moneylenders just for survival. Historians have expressed divergent views about the nature of the revolt. Economic causes were among the major causes of this rebellion. The British began to implement a new kind of grease … This hurt all sections of society. Watch all CBSE Class 5 to 12 Video Lectures here. The British looked down upon the Indians as inferior race and discriminated against them racially. People felt that the British policies were exploiting India as a country economically. A major cause of the outbreak of the revolt was the fear among the people that the British government was determined to destroy their religion and convert Indians to Christianity. The revolt of 1857 was a product of the character and policies of rule. Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. Explanation: Dalhousie through his policies had added considerable territories to the British Empire in India. But the high rates of land revenue, ruined the prospects of Indian peasantry. The Revolt of 1857 The Revolt of 1857. The economic cause of the revolt are as follows: 1. Economic Factors (Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857): This was a vital factor as it affected a large section of Indian society. The British rulers realised that unless the rebellions is suppressed, their empire was destined to fizzle out. On 9th May 1857, on the parade ground of Meerut, 85 Indian troopers were court martialled. These three settlements were highly exploitative, and in particular, the Permanent settlement had created a devastating impact. Why did the mutinous sepoys in many places turn to erstwhile rulers to provide leadership to the revolt? Annexation of Indian states by the Company cut off their major source of patronage. The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic,socio-religious and military causes. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. The ‘Drain of Wealth’ impoverished peasants and they thus participated actively in the revolt of 1857. The causes for the revolt of 1857 can categorized under:- Economic Causes Political Causes Social Religion Military Immediate causes. 6 ABOUT THE NEW CARTRIDGE Subsidiary Alliance was a system devised by Lord Wellesley in 1798. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. Revolt of 1857 Loss of Power for Nawabs: Since the mid-eighteenth century, the power of nawabs and rajas had been eroding. NCERT Solutions For Class 12 History Chapter 11 Rebels and the Raj The Revolt of 1857 and its Representations NCERT TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS SOLVED 1. Revolt of 1857: Causes, Leaders Nature of the revolt • Revolt of 1857 began as a revolt of the sepoys but eventually secured the participation of the masses. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. Answer: Military Causes: The Indian sepoys in the British army moved a strong sense of resentment at the low scale of salary and poor prospects of promotion. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. Prior to the revolt of 1857, there were several rumours circulating in the society. CAUSES OF REVOLT Economic Causes. The Revolt Of 1857. The Revolt of 1857: The first expression of organised resistance was the Revolt of 1857. The revolt of 1857 - MCQs with answers - Part I 1.Which among the following was not an economic cause of the revolt of 1857? As a result, there was an increase in dissatisfaction and hatred against British rule among different sections of Indian society. According to the rumour the enfeild rifles used the fat of two animals,namely cow and pig. IMPORTANT BOOKS ON REVOLT OF 1857: The Revolt of 1857 is an important landmark in the history of India which occurred during the governor generalship of LORD CANNING. Colonial policies destroyed the traditional economy of Indian society. This War is regarded as the most remarkable one which took place after the British came to India and began to establish their rule. The revolt of 1857 1. Economic Factors (Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857): This was a vital factor as it affected a large section of Indian society. ….Stanley Wolpert . Watch Cause for Revolt- Economic and Military causes in English from Indian Freedom Movement and 1857 Revolt in India here. On 9th May 1857, on the parade ground of Meerut, 85 Indian troopers were court martialled. yet much less than a first war of Independence. I'd is DARK ANGLE . Heavy Taxation on artisans and handicrafts. Savarkar called 1857 revolt as the First War of Indian Independence. Treatment meted out to Nana Saheb 4. Peasants’ Revolt, also called Wat Tyler’s Rebellion, (1381), first great popular rebellion in English history.Its immediate cause was the imposition of the unpopular poll tax of 1381, which brought to a head the economic discontent that had been growing since the middle of the century. Economic Causes The Economic condition of India was other causes of the Revolt of 1857. It began as a revolt of the sepoys of the Company’s army but eventually secured the participation of the masses. Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857. It has been described as the “Mutiny of the Sepoys” a “religious war against the Christians”, a “war between the black and white races”, etc., but mostly these views have been rejected. The British had appointed Residents in many courts. British Government had imposed ‘pocket area transformation’, that means, introduction of Permanent Settlement in Bengal, Mahalwari settlement in Central India, and Ryotwari settlement in southern India. 2. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. The various causes of the Mutiny of 1857 can be classified into several heads such as political, administrative, economic, Socio-religious, military and immediate causes.. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. (c) 326 ई.पू. This affected all the sectors of the Indian society. Dalhousie through his policies had added considerable territories to the British Empire in India. You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser, WHAT ARE THE ECONOMIC CAUSES OF THE REVOLT OF 1857, St Tampa thi tutak mein teen antar spasht karo, what is the role of mass communications in India, 30. This hurt all sections of society. In 1857, a Revolt broke out in Northern and Central India and nearly swept away British rule. A) Heavy taxation B) But down on major patronage for artisans and handicrafts C) increasing availability of market for Indian cotton. There were many political, military, religious, social and economic causes of the Indian rebellion of 1857. The direct cause was a change in the use of the weapons Britain provided to Indian sepoys, basically soldiers fighting for the British. The freedom of the Indian rulers was reduced and their armed forces were […] This disaffection ultimately led to a mass uprising which we know today as the revolt of 1857. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. 1. I think you mean Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops. Dec 10,2020 - economics causes of 1857 Related: Sepoy Mutiny - Revolt of 1857 in India - When People Rebel, CBSE Class 8 SST History | EduRev Class 8 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 173 Class 8 Students. The immediate cause of 1857 was provided by the revolt of soldiers. High land revenue disabled peasantry class. CAUSES OF REVOLT. The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. social, economic, administrative, military etc., the political grievances against the British Raj played the most important role in an outbreak of 1857 revolt. The switch only confirmed, in the minds of the sepoys, that the original cartridges had indeed been greased with cow and pig fat. The economic policies of British impoverished the countryside while creating a new class of moneylenders at the expense of traditional zamindars and peasants. The Revolt of 1857 was a result of a number of political, social, economic and I military causes, mentioned as under: a) The political causes: The British rulers (Lord Weleseley and Dalhousie) annexed many territories on some pretext or the other. Sen describes it as "having begun as a fight for religion but ended as a war of independence." Unpopular Administration 2. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. The kingdom of Awadh became an easy prey to subsidiary alliance in 1801 which ultimately resulted in its complete annexation in 1856… The Revolt of 1857 Archives TOPIC: General studies 1 Modern Indian History Causes behind the Revolt of 1857 Economic Destruction of traditional Indian Economy Ruin of agriculture by draconian land reforms Annexation of princely states = no patronage for artisans … I want a good friend plzz i want to have more friends. All those who entered into such an alliance with the British had to accept certain terms and conditions such as the rulers had to disband their military force, allow the British to position their troops within the kingdom, and act in accordance with the advice of the British Resident who was now to be attached to the court.